10 important newborn care tips up to 4 months old that you should know

As a continuation of our educational and child health instruction, in this article we’ll go over the 10 most crucial advice for parents to remember when taking care of babies up to 4 months old.

Baby care after birth

Women should wait 24 hours after giving birth before being released from the hospital, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). No matter where the kid was born, someone must be present with the mother and infant during the first 24 hours in order to take care of them and report any issues with the mother or the child. Within the first 24 hours following delivery, numerous challenges and issues could arise.

If the birth occurs at home, it’s crucial that the mother and child receive postpartum care as quickly as possible, ideally within 24 hours. If the birth occurs in a medical setting, both the mother and the child must go through a postpartum examination before being released.

1- Hug the child

If it’s been a while since you looked after children, you probably need to brush up on the fundamentals. Here are some fundamental guidelines for holding a baby:

  •      Wash your hands (or use hand sanitizer) before touching the baby. Newborns do not have a strong immune system, so they are at risk of infection. Make sure the hands of the person holding the baby are clean.
  •      Support your baby’s head and neck. When holding or putting the baby to sleep, be sure to place your hand under your baby’s head and neck.
  •      Never shake your child (either when he’s playing or when he’s tired). The shaking and trembling can cause cerebral hemorrhage and even death. If you need to wake your baby, don’t rock him, but instead lift your baby’s leg or gently stroke his cheeks.
  •      Make sure the child’s seat belt is secured to the carrier, stroller or car seat. Reduce or stop any activity that may be violent or hectic.
  •      Remember that your child is not ready to play rough games, for example, do not throw him into the air or do dangerous things.

2- Diapers and umbilical cord care

Your infant requires at least 8–12 diapers every day, whether they are cloth, disposable, or both. Some infants need less diapers than others, while some use more. You require a few tiny size diapers, and it’s crucial to pick the appropriate size.

Purchase two boxes of diapers. It can get pricey buying cloth diapers in various sizes. For the first few weeks after birth, up until the infant gets accustomed to a medium-sized diaper, many women use disposable diapers.

It’s simple to change a newborn baby’s diaper. Clean diapers should always be available, and all diaper-changing equipment should be kept in one location. Always keep an eye on the infant; even young children can make mistakes, so they require a lot of care. Make sure the baby is in a secure location.

When changing a baby’s nappy for the first time, have him entirely undressed. Your child’s clothes won’t become soiled this way. You might get dirty by neglecting to change the baby’s nappy for a short while, so take care!

3- Care of the umbilical cord

10 important newborn care tips up to 4 months old that you should know

The specifics of how to care for your baby’s umbilical cord should be covered by your doctor, but let’s go through the fundamentals first.

To prevent infection, the umbilical cord must be clean. Symptoms of infection include:

  •      red
  •      swelling
  •      bad smell

If you see symptoms of infection, see a doctor immediately.

After a few weeks, the umbilical chord should be removed. Regular washing of the umbilical chord is not required to keep it clean. Instead, you must keep it from being soiled. Dry off the umbilical cord. To avoid harm, bind the diapers beneath the umbilical cord. It is preferable to avoid applying antiseptic medication to the umbilical cord (doing so will cause the cord to detach more slowly).

4- Bathing the newborn 4 months old

Bathing a child may be a lot of fun. Care and skill are essential for completing this. Because they don’t get too dirty, babies don’t need to be bathed every day. You can give your child a bath earlier if they enjoy it.

Prior to beginning to take a shower, it is necessary to gather the required supplies. When you’re ready, you can either hold the infant yourself or have someone else do it for you.

It should be noted that some soaps can typically dry up a baby’s skin or are inappropriate for a baby’s sensitive and delicate skin. Even the mildest detergents contain some compounds to which some infants are extremely sensitive. Here are all the details regarding the baby shower.

Read also: 5-month-old baby: height, weight, skills, nutrition, and others.

5- Nutrition

At this age, a youngster should consume breast milk or formula. Every four to five hours, most newborns consume 170 to 198 grammes of milk. Within 4 to 6 months of starting it, you can start drinking the juice, but only in little doses per day. If your infant is breastfed, you may occasionally express the milk into a bottle so that he or she can practise another feeding technique while being fed by others. When a baby can hold his head up high enough to eat with a spoon and is ready to take the cereal at this age, some newborns can begin eating cereal. Sit next to your kid when you feed him cereal with a spoon rather than a bottle so that he develops healthy eating habits. Use rice combined with breast milk or powdered milk as your cereal’s first ingredient. Use a diluted mixture at first, then gradually boost the concentration..

You can start feeding your kid pure fruits and veggies at 4 to 6 months. Every five days, introduce a new food or beverage to make sure the child is not allergic to it. Thankfully, newborns respond to bottles, but they don’t drink from them if they are not really hungry. After weaning, it becomes harder for babies who have used a bottle as a security tool for a long period. Additionally, tooth decay and ear infections are more common in these kids.

6- Growth and development

From the stomach to the back, the kid starts to swing. When happy, your infant may shout or cry out for food or a hug while speaking louder. The greatest technique to calm the youngster in this situation is with a gentle and composed voice. At this age, babies adore toys that produce noise when they are shook. Crying in newborns is typical. You can’t spoil a youngster at this age; instead, the ideal strategy is to respond to his needs right away.

7- sleep

Many infants sleep 4-6 hours per day and through the night by the time they are 4 months old. You can ask the doctor for suggestions on how to keep your kid awake during the day and asleep at night if his sleep schedule differs from the average one. Don’t forget to place your infant in his cot on his back to sleep.

8- Read a book to him

When the child is older, read books to him and pick durable books, like those made of cardboard or fabric. Additionally, consider books with large, straightforward illustrations and lovely, vibrant colours.

9- Tooth extraction

At this age, your baby may start teething, which makes him want to chew a lot. Dental rings may be helpful in this situation.

Safety tips for child 4 months old

10 important newborn care tips up to 4 months old that you should know

suffocation:

  •      Remove mobile phones or hanging toys from the child’s reach.
  •      Keep cords, wires, or cords out of your child’s reach, especially near his crib or crib, as cords and cords around a child’s neck can strangle him.
  •      Keep plastic bags out of the reach of children.
  •      Use unbreakable toys without sharp edges and avoid toys that contain small parts that cause choking.

Fire and burns

  •      Don’t eat or handle hot things while holding or near a baby.
  •      Check smoke detectors to make sure they are working.
  •      Control the temperature of the powdered milk carefully and use your hand to check if it is hot or cold.

He falls

  •      Never leave a child alone in a high place.
  •      Do not leave the child on the scooter.

Vehicle safety

  •      Put the child in a suitable child seat in the back seat of the car.
  •      Never leave your child alone in the car.
  •      Fasten your seat belt.

smoking

  •      Children who live in homes where someone smokes are more likely to develop respiratory illnesses. Their symptoms are also more severe and longer than those of children who live in smoke-free homes.
  •      If you smoke, set a time and stop smoking, and be a good role model for your children.
  •      If you can’t quit smoking, don’t smoke in the home or near your child.

Read about: 5 Reasons for Loss of Appetite in Kids Ages 1 to 5 + 8 Home Remedies

vaccination

At the age of 4 months, the following vaccinations should be given to the child:

  •      DTaP- diphtheria, acellular pertussis, tetanus-
  •      Haemophilus influenzae type b – Haemophilus influenzae hemorrhagic
  •      Pneumococcal poliovirus -PCV7-
  •      Oral rotavirus vaccine
  •      Some children receive the hepatitis B vaccine at this age.
  •      Some of these vaccines are combined and given, so children don’t get 4-5 separate vaccines.

The kid may experience fever and discomfort for a day following these immunisations, and there may also be pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site. You can administer the right dosage of paracetamol to a youngster to prevent fever. Apply a warm, damp towel or tissue to the immunisation site to reduce swelling and soreness.

See a doctor or health center in the following cases:

Your youngster exhibits any type of reaction to fever, etc., or has small or large pimples on his skin. more than 36-hour duration of a fever. The infant is seen again at six months. The youngster needs further vaccines at this age. Each time you visit, bring your child’s immunisation record with you.

Take careful care of newborns up to 4 months old because this is the most vulnerable time for their maintenance and wellbeing. Again, ask any questions you may have in the comments box so that our professionals can respond.

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